Few GDI APIs guarantee what the alpha channel will contain after an operation. To give our readers reliable information about this topic, I asked game developers that use OpenGL. This situation existed only for a short time under both APIs. The move was widely held to be purposed to ensure lock-in of developers to the Windows-DirectX platform, which would be lost if the Fahrenheit API became the world de facto standard graphics API. Asking for help, clarification, or responding to other answers. You need DX12 for Xbox and Vulkan for Android and Linux. But conceptually, those are all much more similar to each other, than to OpenGL or DX11. Can I include my published short story as a chapter to my new book?

Examples include: DirectX 9 and OpenGL2 circa 2004; DirectX 10 and OpenGL 3 circa 2008; and most recently, DirectX 11 and OpenGL 4 circa 2011. The answer to item 1 is all about dominant narratives and familiarity. Fewer shipped renderers means less QA (something many developers struggle with already), so developers will often prefer to pick a minimal list than enable everything.Moving on to item 2, all cross platform engines implement renderers based on open APIs like OpenGL and Vulkan, and most prominent engines these days are cross platform.

Competition between the two rose as each game developer would choose either one or the other. In the early days of 3D accelerated gaming, most vendors did not supply a full OpenGL driver. Why not?

Several partially functional ports of the Direct3D API have been implemented by Wine, a project to port common Windows APIs to Linux, but this work is difficult due to the dependency of DirectX as a whole on many other components of the Windows operating systems. I would like to have anti-aliasing at least, and maybe transparency. NVIDIA's UltraShadow technology, for instance, is not available in the stock Direct3D APIs at the time of writing. Hardware acceleration of this process has been commonplace since approximately 1999. OpenGL and Direct3D are both implemented in the display device driver. For the most part, Direct3D is only implemented on Microsoft's Windows family of operating systems, including the embedded versions used in the Xbox family of video game consoles. (The term professional is used here to refer to the professional production and display of graphics, such as in computer animated films and scientific visualisation, as opposed to games where the graphics produced are for the end user's personal, rather than professional, use.) OpenGL is used in such places as the military, professional 3D modeling and rendering, CAD, and so on. The principal historical reason for OpenGL's dominance in the professional market was performance. DOS business software such as AutoCAD and DOS games such as id Software's Quake originally had to be optimized to run on many different graphics chipsets. The Direct3D method (SetRenderTarget()) is convenient, while prior versions of OpenGL required manipulating pixel buffers (P-buffers). OpenGL has always seen more use in the professional graphics market than DirectX, while DirectX is used mostly for computer games. During the presentation, apitest was introduced. Some developers may still prefer to ship OpenGL renderers because Vulkan is new (and therefore scary), but positive messaging from companies like Valve and developers like Croteam likely help to counter that a bit. Firstly, most of the consumer-oriented accelerators did not implement enough functionality to properly accelerate OpenGL.

[10] These ICDs are, in virtually all cases, bundled with the standard driver download package from the hardware vendor (IHV), so installing recent graphics drivers is sufficient to provide hardware OpenGL support.[11]. Direct2D or OpenGL for 2D games?

Is it ethical to award points for hilariously bad answers? [16] During this time, the CPU can perform no operations. In Vulkan and DirectX 12, the app has complete control over this and can do this better. If Apple caved and embraced native Vulkan drivers, having one API that could do everything would definitely be a strong selling point (I don’t expect this to ever happen, and with the announced deprecation of OpenGL on MacOS, it’s Metal or nothing).

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As multitasking user environments such as Windows and the X Window System (X11) on Unix-like systems became prevalent, the relevance of this hardware faded. I have an old, large application which I want to update with better, faster graphics.

http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/windows/desktop/dd535473%28v=vs.85%29.aspx. In theory, the Microsoft approach allows one code path to support both brands of card, whereas under OpenGL, programmers must write two separate systems.

The other reason for OpenGL's historic advantage was marketing and design. As of 2005[update], graphics processing units (GPUs) almost always implement one version of both of these APIs.

It is only viable for retro games, simple demos, etc.And for DX12 vs Vulkan – there really isn’t anything else but portability.

Mac OS X's OpenGL system is very similar, where IHVs implement a simpler version of the OpenGL API (with both user and kernel mode components), and Apple's additions to the runtime provide the direct interface to the user code, and some basic work to make IHVs' jobs easier. Nintendo and Sony have developed their own libraries which are similar but not identical to OpenGL.

But the ability is there now.

The GLSL shader compilers of different vendors also show slightly different behavior.

Second-generation pixel shading cards functioned far more similarly, with each architecture evolving toward the same kind of pixel processing conclusion. [13] Chris Hecker made a similar request in an "Open Letter to Microsoft" in the April–May 1997 issue of Game Developer Magazine. Under OpenGL the same functions were accessed through a variety of custom extensions. Microsoft eventually retreated from the project, having never allocated sufficient resources to produce its part of the rendering engine. (Read 7514 times) Ludius. This allows new functions to be exposed quickly, but can lead to confusion if different vendors implement similar extensions with different APIs. Weaknesses I mention extensions here too.

Few GDI APIs guarantee what the alpha channel will contain after an operation. To give our readers reliable information about this topic, I asked game developers that use OpenGL. This situation existed only for a short time under both APIs. The move was widely held to be purposed to ensure lock-in of developers to the Windows-DirectX platform, which would be lost if the Fahrenheit API became the world de facto standard graphics API. Asking for help, clarification, or responding to other answers. You need DX12 for Xbox and Vulkan for Android and Linux. But conceptually, those are all much more similar to each other, than to OpenGL or DX11. Can I include my published short story as a chapter to my new book?

Examples include: DirectX 9 and OpenGL2 circa 2004; DirectX 10 and OpenGL 3 circa 2008; and most recently, DirectX 11 and OpenGL 4 circa 2011. The answer to item 1 is all about dominant narratives and familiarity. Fewer shipped renderers means less QA (something many developers struggle with already), so developers will often prefer to pick a minimal list than enable everything.Moving on to item 2, all cross platform engines implement renderers based on open APIs like OpenGL and Vulkan, and most prominent engines these days are cross platform.

Competition between the two rose as each game developer would choose either one or the other. In the early days of 3D accelerated gaming, most vendors did not supply a full OpenGL driver. Why not?

Several partially functional ports of the Direct3D API have been implemented by Wine, a project to port common Windows APIs to Linux, but this work is difficult due to the dependency of DirectX as a whole on many other components of the Windows operating systems. I would like to have anti-aliasing at least, and maybe transparency. NVIDIA's UltraShadow technology, for instance, is not available in the stock Direct3D APIs at the time of writing. Hardware acceleration of this process has been commonplace since approximately 1999. OpenGL and Direct3D are both implemented in the display device driver. For the most part, Direct3D is only implemented on Microsoft's Windows family of operating systems, including the embedded versions used in the Xbox family of video game consoles. (The term professional is used here to refer to the professional production and display of graphics, such as in computer animated films and scientific visualisation, as opposed to games where the graphics produced are for the end user's personal, rather than professional, use.) OpenGL is used in such places as the military, professional 3D modeling and rendering, CAD, and so on. The principal historical reason for OpenGL's dominance in the professional market was performance. DOS business software such as AutoCAD and DOS games such as id Software's Quake originally had to be optimized to run on many different graphics chipsets. The Direct3D method (SetRenderTarget()) is convenient, while prior versions of OpenGL required manipulating pixel buffers (P-buffers). OpenGL has always seen more use in the professional graphics market than DirectX, while DirectX is used mostly for computer games. During the presentation, apitest was introduced. Some developers may still prefer to ship OpenGL renderers because Vulkan is new (and therefore scary), but positive messaging from companies like Valve and developers like Croteam likely help to counter that a bit. Firstly, most of the consumer-oriented accelerators did not implement enough functionality to properly accelerate OpenGL.

[10] These ICDs are, in virtually all cases, bundled with the standard driver download package from the hardware vendor (IHV), so installing recent graphics drivers is sufficient to provide hardware OpenGL support.[11]. Direct2D or OpenGL for 2D games?

Is it ethical to award points for hilariously bad answers? [16] During this time, the CPU can perform no operations. In Vulkan and DirectX 12, the app has complete control over this and can do this better. If Apple caved and embraced native Vulkan drivers, having one API that could do everything would definitely be a strong selling point (I don’t expect this to ever happen, and with the announced deprecation of OpenGL on MacOS, it’s Metal or nothing).

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